Policy Statement on Heat-Related Illness in the Indoor Environment

Adopted by MIAQC Board of Directors on August 22, 2012

 

Whereas:

 

The variables of high heat, high humidity and lack of air movement may cause stress on the human body and can cause heat-related illness.
Whereas:

 

There are certain populations that are more susceptible to heat-related illness.
Whereas:

 

These same variables can occur in an indoor environment.

 

Whereas:

 

These same variables can reduce productivity in workplace and school environments.

 

Whereas:

 

The mission of the Maine Indoor Air Quality Council is to promote quality of life through improved indoor environments

 

Therefore:

 

.  The MIAQC recommends the following strategies to reduce the risk of heat-related illness:

 

·         Monitoring/Evaluation of the indoor environment (for conditions that might cause heat-related illness)
·         Development and Implementation of Engineering Controls – (creating a cooler environment)
·         Development and Implementation of Administrative Controls – (scheduling, reduced activity)
·         Development and Implementation of Education/Training  (general communication of preventing risk)

 

These strategies may be used alone or in various combinations depending on the type of indoor environment and associated building population.

 

 

References/Resources

 

Heat-Related Illness

·         Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, Hot Environments – Health Effects,http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/phys_agents/heat_health.htmlLast update: July 28, 2008

·         Minnesota Department of Health, Minnesota Extreme Heat Toolkit, April, 2012, 34 pp.

·         National Weather Service,  Heat – A Major Killer, http://www.nws.noaa.gov/os/heat/index.shtmlLast Update: May 3, 2012

·         US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Frequently Asked Questions about Extreme Heat,http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/extremeheat/faq.aspLast update: August 15, 2006

·         World Health Organization, Heat-Health Action Plans, WHO Regional Office for Europe, 2008. 45 pp,

 

Vulnerable Populations

·         Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, Hot Environments – Health Effects,http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/phys_agents/heat_health.htmlLast update: July 28, 2008

·         Minnesota Department of Health, Minnesota Extreme Heat Toolkit, April, 2012, 34 pp.

·         National Weather Service,  Heat – A Major Killer, http://www.nws.noaa.gov/os/heat/index.shtmlLast Update: May 3, 2012

·         US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Frequently Asked Questions about Extreme Heat,http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/extremeheat/faq.aspLast update: August 15, 2006

·         US Environmental Protection Agency, Extreme Heat – Effects on Children and Pregnant Women, http://yosemite.epa.gov/ochp/ochpweb.nsf/content/heat.htmLast update: May 7, 2012

·         World Health Organization, Heat-Health Action Plans, WHO Regional Office for Europe, 2008. 45 pp,

 

Productivity

 

·         NASA Contractor Report CR-1205(I) “Compendium of Human Responses to the Aerospace Environment”, Prepared by: Lovelace Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Albuquerque, NM, November 1968, Volume I, Section 6, “Thermal Environment” by Emmanuel M. Roth, M.D.
·         “Cost Benefit Analysis of the Night-Time Ventilative Cooling in Office Buildings” , Olli Seppänen , William J. Fisk, David Faulkner, Helsinki University of Technology, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory,

ineh�gt8�读t-family:Symbol;mso-fareast-font-family: Symbol;mso-bidi-font-family:Symbol’>·         Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety, Hot Environments – Health Effects, http://www.ccohs.ca/oshanswers/phys_agents/heat_health.htmlLast update: July 28, 2008

 

·         Minnesota Department of Health, Minnesota Extreme Heat Toolkit, April, 2012, 34 pp.

·         National Weather Service,  Heat – A Major Killer, http://www.nws.noaa.gov/os/heat/index.shtmlLast Update: May 3, 2012

·         US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Frequently Asked Questions about Extreme Heat,http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/extremeheat/faq.aspLast update: August 15, 2006

·         US Environmental Protection Agency, Extreme Heat – Effects on Children and Pregnant Women, http://yosemite.epa.gov/ochp/ochpweb.nsf/content/heat.htmLast update: May 7, 2012

·         World Health Organization, Heat-Health Action Plans, WHO Regional Office for Europe, 2008. 45 pp,

 

Productivity

 

·         NASA Contractor Report CR-1205(I) “Compendium of Human Responses to the Aerospace Environment”, Prepared by: Lovelace Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Albuquerque, NM, November 1968, Volume I, Section 6, “Thermal Environment” by Emmanuel M. Roth, M.D.
·         “Cost Benefit Analysis of the Night-Time Ventilative Cooling in Office Buildings” , Olli Seppänen , William J. Fisk, David Faulkner, Helsinki University of Technology, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory,